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CBD vs THC

CBD VS THC

LEARN THE DIFFERENCES

UNDERSTANDING THE DIFFERENCES
BETWEEN CBD AND THC

Understanding the effects of CBD is confusing when THC is sometimes mentioned too. Do they come from the same plant? Do they both make you ‘high’? How are they different, and how does a game of CBD vs THC play out? In order to help you, we’ve put together an informative guide on how to explain their differences.

Explained by our CEO Dr. Henry Vincenty

the-different-effects-of-cbd-and-thc

What is CBD?

CBD stands for Cannabidiol
It’s a cannabinoid - a natural compound - that’s found in cannabis plants (also known as Cannabis sativa). It is not considered a controlled substance and is 100% non-psychoactive, which means it doesn’t make you feel “high”

What is THC?

THC stands for Tetrahydrocannabinol
Is also a cannabinoid found in cannabis plants (there are over 100 different cannabinoids in total). THC is the compound that’s responsible for causing the marijuana ‘high’. Because it’s considered a controlled substance, it is often deemed illegal.

DOES CBD HAVE THC IN IT?

CBD does not have any THC in it as they are two different compounds.

However, it’s important to know that CBD hemp products often have a very small percentage (0.2%) of THC, due to both compounds being in the cannabis plant when the CBD product is made - be it tinctures, oils, edibles, etc.

The main differences lie in how differently they react and affect the body. When introduced to your system CBD and THC both interact and have an effect on the endocannabinoid system.

IS CBD PSYCHOACTIVE?

The cannabidiol compound isn’t psychoactive, its chemical structure doesn’t allow it to bind to your body's cannabinoid receptors. CBD and THC may look very similar in chemical structure but this subtle change lowers CBD’s binding affinity and causes it to have mild stimulating effects and helps your receptors to create more endocannabinoids, while THC alters the function of cannabinoid receptors by binding to them.

HOW IS CBD DIFFERENT TO THC?

The main difference between CBD and THC is the effects they have on you.
Put simply, THC gets you ‘high’ while CBD won’t.

cbd-vs-thc

This is because CBD does not bind effectively to our endocannabinoid system - the body’s unique system that regulates elements such as sleep, appetite, and our immune system. It’s this binding action that gives you that ‘high’ feeling.

THC initiates a psychological response via the endocannabinoid system’s cannabinoid 1 receptors (CB1), found primarily in the central nervous system and the brain. When the CB1 receptor is activated, it produces a psychoactive effect.

CBD doesn’t bind with the CB1 receptors and so has no effect on your perception or sensorial experiences. In fact, research has suggested that when CBD is taken with THC, it can lessen the psychotropic effects of THC by suppressing the CB1-activating qualities and so protecting the consumer from getting too high.

THEIR ATOMIC ARRANGEMENT IS DIFFERENT

Without getting too scientific, CBD and THC may share the same chemical composition, but their atomic arrangements are different.

Both of them are considered cyclic compounds, which means one or more of the atoms in the compounds connect to form a ring. CBD has an open ring, while THC has a closed ring.

Why does this matter? It’s this arrangement that means they interact differently with the endocannabinoid system’s receptors.

see-how-cbd-is-different-to-thc-in-the-lab

CBD IS ABUNDANT IN HEMP,
THC DOMINATES OTHER FORMS OF CANNABIS

While THC and CBD are both found in cannabis plants, THC is most plentiful in other forms of cannabis while CBD is found in higher quantities in hemp.

When other types of cannabis are grown, the THC content tends to be maximized to produce more powerful intoxicating effects.

When other types of cannabis are grown, the THC content tends to be maximized to produce more powerful intoxicating effects.

what-is-cannabis

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU SMOKE CBD OIL?

Most CBD oils are made with carrier oils such as hemp seed oil, olive oil, or coconut oil. As with any oil-based product, when heated at high temperatures it can be dangerous, causing smoke, damage to the integrity of the cannabinoid, or cause injury to your lungs if inhaled. Smoking CBD can be achieved through none oil-based products. 

DOES CBD WORK BETTER WITH THC?

In a 1998 study by Professors Raphael Mechoulam and Shimon Ben-Shabat, it was discovered that cannabinoid activity is increased when there is a broad spectrum of cannabinoid present at one time. 

This effect is called the 'entourage effect' which sees cannabinoids work in synergy with each other to enhance their effects. Full-spectrum and broad-spectrum formulas contain more than just CBD and are thought to be more effective than when CBD is used by itself. 

HOW DOES CBD AFFECT THC?

Medical studies into the effects of CBD show it has the ability to lessen the psychoactive effects of THC, it is thought that the ‘entourage effect’ – when there’s more than one compound present at a time, helps regulate the effect of each cannabinoid, causing a balancing effect in the plant. CBD works in partnership with other cannabinoids to regulate the effects of THC. 

IS THERE CBD IN MARIJUANA?

Marijuana contains high amounts of THC (of up to 30%) and low amounts of CBD. The composition of each type of cannabis plant has different levels of cannabinoids, which gives each species varying effects. No one cannabis species has just one type of cannabinoid. There are over 100 different variations found in the plant, which includes CBD, CBC, CBN, CBG, and many more.

cbd-can-possibly-reduce-anxiety-thc-may-worsen-it

We are avid believers in the wonderful benefits of CBD oil. And medical studies have suggested that CBD can help with social anxiety and panic attacks.

THC, on the other hand, can in fact worsen anxiety and increase paranoia in some people, as suggested by other medical studies. However, some studies have suggested that when THC is combined with CBD, the negative effects are lessened.

HEMP-DERIVED CBD IS LEGAL IN MOST COUNTRIES.
THC IS NOT.

Other forms of cannabis and cannabis-derived CBD will get you ‘high’ because of their large amounts of THC (around 30%). This means that they’re often illegal in many countries around the world.

However, when CBD is derived from the hemp plant, it has such minute levels of THC that many countries have no laws against its use. Click here to see if CBD is legal in your country.

HOW CBD AND THC INTERACT WITH THE BODY

endocannabinoid-receptors

THC initiates a psychological response via the endocannabinoid system’s cannabinoid 1 receptors (CBD1), found primarily in the central nervous system and the brain. When the CB1 receptor is activated, it produces a psychoactive effect.

CBD doesn’t bind with the CB1 receptors and so has no effect on your perception or sensorial experiences. In fact, research has suggested that when CBD is taken with THC, it can lessen the psychotropic effects of THC by suppressing the CB1-activating qualities and so protecting the consumer from getting too high.

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT CBD & THC PRODUCTS AVAILABLE?

It’s important to remember that while CBD and THC are often delivered together in a CBD product, they have different effects. For example:

high-thc-vs-high-cbd

High THC + low CBD (e.g. 10-30% THC + trace amounts of CBD):
This will provide that euphoric, ‘high’ feeling.


Balanced CBD/THC (e.g. 5-15% THC and CBD):
This will be a little more euphoric than CBD -strong strains, but it is less likely to induce THC’s negative side effects in the consumer such as paranoia and anxiety.

High CBD + low THC (e.g. 5-20% CBD + THC under 5%):
This will not get you high and can, in fact, provide some wonderful benefits.

CONCLUSION.
SO HOW ARE CBD AND THC DIFFERENT AGAIN?


•  CBD isn’t a controlled substance, THC is.

•  CBD will not make you high, THC Will.

•  They have different atomic arrangements.

•  CBD is abundant in hemp, THC dominates other forms of cannabis.

•  Hemp-derived CBD is legal in most countries, THC is not.



HERE AT ENDOCA, ALL OUR
PRODUCTS ARE CBD DOMINANT.

If you’re curious about CBD products, then head over to our CBD online shop. If you need a helping hand making an informed decision, you can also send us a message via our chatbot or drop us an email — our support team will be happy to help.

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