What is CBG? – At Endoca, we believe in the power of the whole hemp plant, so you may be glad to hear that dominant compounds like CBD, only make up one vital part of the hemp wellness story.
While many have heard of popular cannabinoids like THC and CBD, lesser-known minor cannabinoids including – CBG, CBN, CBC, and CBDa all have an important part to play in their own right.
What are Cannabinoids?
Simply put, like all plants, hemp (Cannabis Sativa) contains compounds that make up a plant's chemical structure. Cannabinoids are a unique group of chemical compounds found in the cannabis species, that react with the cannabinoid receptors in the body.
The endocannabinoid system acts as a regulatory function that creates internal balance and harmony. This vast system is made up of receptors that are ready to receive chemical signals from phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids.
When the cannabinoids found in hemp enter the body, they either bind and stimulate these receptors to create more of their own cannabinoids helping restore balance and promote an overall sense of well-being.
What is CBG?
Firstly, let’s start off by answering the important question, what does CBG stand for? – CBG is an acronym for the cannabinoid Cannabigerol. Which makes up less than 1% of the cannabinoid content found in most cannabis strains. Because it is found in such low levels, it’s referred to as a minor cannabinoid. The cannabinoids CBD and THC, are more well known for their effects, due to their dominant content. However, CBD and THC are part of a much wider network of over 80 other cannabis compounds.
How Does CBG Work?
Cannabigerol is what you could call a ‘parent cannabinoid’, from which other cannabinoids are formed, including – CBD and THC. During hemp’s growing process there are many chemical changes that result in different cannabinoid production.
In the many stages of the plant's growth cycle, the chemical structure of the plant is transformed. In the early budding stages, what starts out as the acidic parent compound CBGa – turns into other compounds, such as, THCa (THC plus acid) and CBDa (CBD plus acid).
Further along, the cultivation process, when the hemp plant is exposed to heat or ultraviolet light, either artificially or through natural sunlight. A process called decarboxylation occurs, this results in the acidic precursor CBDa and THCa, changing again into the more well known dominant cannabinoids THC and CBD.
Nature creates this cannabis cannabinoid network, at varying levels to enable synergy within the plant, and is what gives it its unique benefits.
While each cannabinoid has its own effects, cannabinoids often work better together in what’s known as the entourage effect. Cannabigerol is one of many other cannabinoids that work as part of a vast system.
As all cannabinoids work to support each other, no one cannabinoid can be said to be less important than the other. The cannabinoid structure found in hemp is nature's own way of creating perfect chemistry.
We are still yet to discover the full effects of how each cannabinoid works with the body. However, research has shown promise in CBG and other CBG cannabinoid combinations.
Where to Find CBG?
If you’re interested in trying CBG you’ll be happy to hear that if you've tried full-spectrum CBD oil then you’ve probably already tried it. When full-spectrum extracts are extracted from the hemp plant to make your CBD products. The extraction process that protects a full-spectrum of cannabinoids, maintains as much of the natural plant matrix and possible.
CBG is only found in very small amounts in mature hemp plants, and most commonly CBG levels are at their highest earlier in the hemp growth cycle. Once the plant is ready to be harvested, CBG levels become much lower.
However, this doesn't mean that all CBG is lost. High-quality whole-plant hemp extracts often contain a broad profile of cannabinoids, including CBG.
In order to find out the exact CBG levels in your CBD products, you can check the product batch reports to see how much CBG is included.
Will CBG Make you High?
CBG, similar to CBD is also non-psychoactive. Even though THC starts out as Cannabigerol. It is known to have no intoxicating or mind-altering effects. Research into minor cannabinoids like Cannabigerol is in the early stages. Most recent scientific investigations are focused on the effects of major cannabinoids like CBD and THC. Scientists are yet to uncover the full CBG side effects.
What is the Difference Between CBD and CBG?
Is CBG the new CBD? As attention turns to cannabinoids other than CBD. Many may question, are CBD and CBG the same? It's important to define the difference between CBD and CBG to avoid confusion.
CBG vs CBD, Cannabigerol is what could be known as ‘a master cannabinoid’ from which other cannabis cannabinoids originate, however, CBD is found in much larger amounts.
The difference between Cannabidiol (CBD) and Cannabigerol all starts off in the hemp growing process. CBG is most abundant in the early budding stages of plant growth and turns into CBD as the plant matures. Therefore, the levels of CBG decrease as other cannabinoids develop to replace it.
Although, Cannabigerol is thought to have similar effects as Cannabidiol (CBD). CBG has its own properties that work in synergy when coupled with CBD and other cannabinoids and works by interacting with the body's endocannabinoid system helping support overall balance.
Most cannabis cannabinoid research is in its infancy, therefore research into minor cannabinoids such as Cannabigerol is limited.
To find out more information about the potential effects of Cannabigerol and what CBG is used for, we recommend visiting trusted medical research to find out more about its effects.
These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any diseases.
Jada Lynton is Content Manager at Endoca. She’s passionate about wellness and holistic health and is dedicated to producing cannabis education and wellness content that’s informative and accessible to all–whether you're a CBD expert or a newcomer. After a personal experience taking CBD for better health, she now continues to help spread the word about the effects of cannabis and cannabinoids.